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Types Of UTI And Their Causes!

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections affecting people of all ages, genders and backgrounds. There are many different types of UTIs and their causes vary, but the most common type is a bladder infection. A UTI occurs when bacteria or other germs invade and grow in the urine. This infection can affect any part of the urinary tract, including the bladder, kidneys, ureters and/or urethra. Keep on reading till the last as here we are covering the types of UTI and their causes in detail!

Types of UTI:

1) Bladder infections:

Bladder infections, also known as cystitis, are the most common type of urinary tract infections. Symptoms of bladder infections include frequent and painful urination, a burning sensation upon urination and abdominal discomfort. The main cause of bladder infections is a type of bacteria called E. coli that is present in the rectum, but can be introduced to the bladder during sex or after swimming in a pool or lake. Other types of bacteria can also cause bladder infections, and in some cases, a bladder infection may be caused by an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes.

Read More: Top Foods That Can Help Removing In UTI

2) Kidney infections:

Kidney infections (pyelonephritis) occur when bacteria from a bladder infection travels up the urinary tract and enters the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney infections vary, but may include abdominal pain, back pain and fever. Kidney infections are typically more serious than bladder infections and can lead to complications, including kidney damage or kidney failure. Treatment for kidney infections includes antibiotics and prompt medical attention.

3) Urethritis:

Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder. The most common cause of urethritis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Symptoms of urethritis include burning or pain with urination, and may cause a discharge from the urethra. Treatment for urethritis typically involves antibiotics and abstaining from sexual activity until the infection has been cured.

4) Prostatitis:

Prostatitis is a condition that affects the prostate gland and is the most common type of urinary tract infection in men. Symptoms of prostatitis can include pain or burning during urination, frequent urination, and pain or stiffness in the lower belly. The cause of prostatitis is not always known, however it can be caused by bacterial infections, an STI or blockage of the urinary tract. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and pelvic floor muscle exercises.

Read More: Which Child Has The Highest Risk Of Urinary Tract Infection?

Causes of UTI:

1) Bacteria:

Bacteria are the most common cause of all types of UTIs. The most common type of bacteria that causes UTIs is called E. coli, however other bacteria can also cause bladder infections. Bacteria can enter the bladder or other parts of the urinary tract through sexual intercourse, improper hygiene and a weakened immune system.

2) Sexual activity:

Sexual activity can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract and can be a major source of UTIs. The risk of UTIs from sexual activity is higher for women, as the urethra is shorter and closer to the anus. It is important to practice proper hygiene before and after sexual activity and to use protection, such as condoms, for all forms of intercourse.

3) Poor hygiene:

Poor hygiene can increase the risk of UTIs, as bacteria from the rectal area can be introduced to the bladder or other parts of the urinary tract. Proper hygiene of the genital area and using the bathroom soon after sexual activity can help reduce the risk of UTIs.

Read More: How Does A Woman Get A Urinary Tract Infection?

4) Blocked urine flow:

In rare cases, a blockage in the urinary tract can cause UTIs. This is typically caused by an enlarged prostate in men and can ultimately lead to kidney infections. Common symptoms of a blocked urine flow include difficulty urinating, discomfort and frequent urges to urinate.

Reach Dr. Lokesh Sharma for UTI treatment in Jaipur!

Dr. Lokesh Sharma is one of the most reputable and experienced urologists in Jaipur, Rajasthan. He has extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). UTI is a bacterial infection that affects the urinary system, including the bladder, the kidneys and the urethra, and is one of the most common infections in women. UTIs can be highly unpleasant and, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications.

Dr. Sharma is highly experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of UTI in accordance with the best current clinical practices. He runs a dedicated clinic in the heart of Jaipur, where he personally attends to each patient. During consultations, Dr. Sharma evaluates the patient’s medical history and thoroughly examines them before making an accurate diagnosis of the infection.



Q.1 Does everyone need to see a doctor if they have a UTI?

Not everyone necessarily needs to see a doctor if they have a UTI. Generally, mild UTIs can be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers and other home remedies. However, if there are more severe symptoms or if the infection doesn’t appear to be responding to home treatment, it’s best to seek medical advice for the most suitable treatment plan.

Q.2 When should I seek medical advice for a UTI?

You should seek medical advice if you have any symptoms of a UTI or think you may be at risk for developing a UTI. It’s especially important to seek help if you’re pregnant or have diabetes, or if you have recurrent UTIs.

Q.3 How is a UTI diagnosed?

A UTI is usually diagnosed with a urine sample, although a physical examination and other tests may also be needed. Your doctor may also recommend additional tests if they believe there’s a possibility of an underlying health condition.

Q.4 What are the treatment options for a UTI?

Treatment options for a UTI depend on the type and severity of infection. Antibiotics are often prescribed to treat bacterial infections, while other treatments such as pain relievers, cranberry juice, and probiotics can also be used to help alleviate symptoms.

Q.5 What lifestyle changes can help prevent UTIs?

Making lifestyle changes to prevent UTIs include drinking plenty of fluids, urinating soon after intercourse, avoiding perfumed bubble baths, and wearing loose-fitting clothing. Women should also avoid using spermicides and other irritants for feminine hygiene.

Q.6 Is it safe to take over-the-counter medications for a UTI?

Over-the-counter medications are generally not recommended for use in treating UTIs because they can further complicate the infection by making it more difficult to diagnose and treat. Instead, it’s best to seek medical advice for a suitable treatment plan.

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